BioKix LLC’s goal in providing BioKix Dairy Lagoon Bacillus is to have the genus, species, and strains of bacteria that will enhance BOD/COD removal, reduce solids and gases, reduce sludge bulking, increase pit capacity, keep waste flowable and liquefied.
Since more than one species and strains are in the product they were selected to work well together and have different roles. Strength or potency is measured in colony forming units (CFUs). Bacillus multiplies quickly with binary growth initially that increases to exponential growth so it is more important to package the right strains than it is to have strength alone. BioKix LLc guarantees there is a minimum of 4 billion CFU per gram in its BioKix Dairy lagoon Bacillus and most methods that are used to count CFU will show higher counts.
Dairies that prosper and expand have better managed the four obstacles listed below. Those obstacles have become more technical and complicated and increasingly regulated by the Environmental Agency’s (EPA) 2008 Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations Rule.
- Increased Manure Storage Obstacle
- Odor Control Obstacle
- Rainwater Mitigation Obstacle
- Bio-gas Reduction Obstacle
The goal is to have a dairy lagoon that:
- Is biologically active.
- Has little or no crust on the surface.
- Keeps solids suspended in slurry.
- Doesn’t emit unhealthy gases.
- Can be emptied with a pump.
Dairy manure lagoons are inherently anaerobic (lack oxygen) and the raw bacteria that is present stops working in the absence of oxygen. The lagoon doesn’t decompose solids if left on its own and degradation must occur under septic conditions which are slow, odorous, and yield incomplete conversions of waste. Some of the untreated lagoon biological processes convert hydrogen and sulfur to form hydrogen sulfide and transform carbon into methane. Other carbon will be converted to organic acids that create low pH conditions in the basin and make the water more difficult to treat and promote odor formation.
Animal waste will only partially decompose on its own. What does not decompose either floats and forms a solid crust or sinks to the bottom and stops decomposing. Partially decomposed waste will also stick to the sides of lagoons. Deep accumulations of sludge on the lagoon floors and sides require frequent removal by tractors or the lagoon will become too small to hold the amount of waste coming in. Those removed solids have to be stored elsewhere on the farm.
Why Bio-Augmentation Is Needed
Manure lagoons need bacteria having specific strains of microbes that are very effective in degrading difficult swine and dairy waste, including cellulosic materials and whey. Treated lagoons with specially selected bacillus will maintain liquid slurry, break up and prevent build-up of solids and reduce nitrates.
The specially selected bacillus strains in BioKix Wastewater Lagoon Bacillus thrive in lagoons that lack oxygen (anaerobic conditions). This is good because manure lagoons are inherently anaerobic (lack oxygen) and the strains of bacteria that eat nitrates are susceptible to destruction by oxygen.
Do the math.
A lagoon collects between 25 and 100 gallons of urine, bedding, excrement, and flush water per cow per day.
- 25 gallons if lagoons mostly collect from milking parlors,
- 50 gallons if lagoons also collect from freestalls with flush systems, and
- 100 gallons if cows live full-time on flushable concrete.
Standard Plan: Monthly dosage–One (1) 16 oz pouch per 100 cows.
Custom Plan: Monthly dosage–One (1) 16 oz pouch per
- 100,000 lbs of milk produced if 100% of waste goes into the lagoon.
- 200,000 lbs of milk produced if 50% of waste goes into the lagoon.
- 300,000 lbs of milk produced if 25% of waste goes into the lagoon.
First treatment should be 3 times monthly amount and if not treated for more than three months, then restart by making the next treatment as if it were the first.
Waste Lagoon conditions for most effective results
Water Temperature: 45-120 0F and pH (5-9.5)
- Item #: BK.CBP.16.25.WSP